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Tag: kidney disease

High Blood Pressure

Each heart beat pushes blood through your arteries. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry blood from your heart to your body. Blood pressure is the pressure of blood in your arteries. Without blood pressure, blood wouldn’t flow through your blood vessels and you’d die. But blood pressure that’s too high stresses your heart and damages your arteries and other organs.

  • After many years, high blood pressure causes serious problems, such as heart attack, heart failurestroke, or kidney damage
  • High blood pressure is called the silent killer because it usually doesn’t cause symptoms until it’s too late
  • High blood pressure causes more deaths and serious problems than almost any other condition, but most complications can be prevented by proper treatment
  • Exercising, eating less salt, losing weight, quitting smoking, and drinking less alcohol help lower blood pressure
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Gout is caused by high levels of uric acid in your blood. Very high levels of uric acid can form microscopic crystals that build up in your joints or under your skin (tophi). The buildup of crystals causes swelling and pain and may lead to joint damage.

You’re more likely to get gout if you:

  • Have a close relative with gout—gout runs in families
  • Have kidney problems, such as kidney disease
  • Drink a lot of alcohol
  • Eat a lot of certain foods that increase uric acid levels—such as liver, kidney, herring, mussels, sardines, asparagus, and mushrooms
  • Take certain medicines
  • Have lead poisoning (when lead builds up in your body)
  • Are overweight or obese
  • Have metabolic syndrome (a condition that can cause a large waist, high blood pressure, and high blood sugar levels)
  • Are having chemotherapy or radiation treatment for cancer
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